Midyear Reader Profile 

Since it's summer here in Europe, and thus roughly middle of the year, here comes your, Dear Reader, profile.

Mind you, only last years data (June 2006 - June 2007) is included, according to Google Analytics.

Browser Versions:

Operating Systems:

Browser Versions and Operating Systems:

Screen Resolutions:

Adobe Flash Support:

And finally, most strangely, Java Support:

The last one surprised me.

Categories:  Blogging
Thursday, July 26, 2007 9:58:25 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

 Managed TxF: Distributed Transactions and Transactional NTFS 

Based on my previous post, I managed to get distributed transaction scenario working using WCF, MTOM and WS-AtomicTransactions.

This means that you have the option to transport arbitrary files, using transactional ACID semantics, from the client, over HTTP and MTOM.

The idea is to integrate a distributed transaction with TxF, or NTFS file system transaction. This only works on Windows Server 2008 (Longhorn Server) and Windows Vista.

Download: Sample code

If the client starts a transaction then all files within it should be stored on the server. If something fails or client does not commit, no harm is done. The beauty of this is that it's all seamlessly integrated into the current communication/OS stack.

This is shipping technology; you just have to dive a little deeper to use it.

Here's the scenario:

There are a couple of issues that need to be addressed before we move to the implementation:

  • You should use the managed wrapper included here
    There is support for TransactedFile and TransactedDirectory built it. Next version of VistaBridge samples will include an updated version of this wrapper.

  • Limited distributed transactions support on a system drive
    There is no way to get DTC a superior access coordinator role for TxF on the system drive (think c:\ system drive). This is a major downside in the current implementation of TxF, since I would prefer that system/boot files would be transaction-locked anyway. You have two options if you want to run the following sample:

    • Define secondary resource manager for your directory
      This allows system drive resource manager to still protect system files, but creates a secondary resource manager for the specified directory. Do this:
      • fsutil resource create c:\txf
      • fsutil resource start c:\txf
        You can query your new secondary resource manager by fsutil resource info c:\txf.

    • Use another partition
      Any partition outside the system partition is ok. You cannot use network shares, but USB keys will work. Plug it in and change the paths as defined at the end of this post.

OK, here we go.

Here's the service contract:

[ServiceContract(SessionMode = SessionMode.Allowed)]
interface ITransportFiles
{
   [OperationContract]
   [TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Allowed)]
   byte[] GetFile(string name);

   [OperationContract]
   [TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Allowed)]
   void PutFile(byte[] data, string name);

We allow the sessionful binding (it's not required, though) and allow transactions to flow from the client side. Again, transactions are not mandatory, since client may opt-out of using them and just transport files without a transaction.

The provided transport mechanism uses MTOM, since the contract's parameter model is appropriate for it and because it's much more effective transferring binary data.

So here's the service config:

<system.serviceModel>
  <bindings>
    <wsHttpBinding>
      <binding name="MTOMBinding"
          transactionFlow="true"
          messageEncoding="Mtom"
          maxReceivedMessageSize="10485760">
        <readerQuotas maxArrayLength="10485760"/>

      </binding>
    </wsHttpBinding>
  </bindings>
  <services>
    <service name="WCFService.TransportService">
      <host>
        <baseAddresses>
          <add baseAddress="
http://localhost:555/transportservice">
        </baseAddresses>
      </host>
      <endpoint address=""
          binding="wsHttpBinding"
          bindingConfiguration="MTOMBinding"
          contract="WCFService.ITransportFiles"/>
    </service>
  </services>
</system.serviceModel>

Here, MTOMBinding is being used to specify MTOM wire encoding. Also, quotas and maxReceivedMessageSize attribute is being adjusted to 10 MB, since we are probably transferring larger binary files.

Service implementation is straight forward:

[ServiceBehavior(InstanceContextMode = InstanceContextMode.PerCall)]
class TransportService : ITransportFiles
{
    [OperationBehavior(TransactionScopeRequired = true)]
    public byte[] GetFile(string name)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("GetFile: {0}", name);
        Console.WriteLine("Distributed Tx ID: {0}",
          Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation.DistributedIdentifier);
        return ReadFully(TransactedFile.Open(@"C:\TxF\Service\" + name,
          FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read), 0);
    }

    [OperationBehavior(TransactionScopeRequired = true)]
    public void PutFile(byte[] data, string filename)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("PutFile: {0}", filename);
        Console.WriteLine("Distributed Tx ID: {0}",
          Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation.DistributedIdentifier);

        using (BinaryWriter bw = new BinaryWriter(
            TransactedFile.Open(@"C:\TxF\Service\" + filename,
              FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.Write)))
        {
            bw.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
           
            // clean up
            bw.Flush();
        }
    }
}

Client does four things:

  1. Sends three files (client - server) - no transaction
  2. Gets three files (server - client) - no transaction
  3. Sends three files (client - server) - distributed transaction, all or nothing
  4. Gets three files (server - client) - distributed transaction, all or nothing

Before you run:

  • Decide on the secondary resource manager option (system drive, enable it using fsutil.exe) or use another partition (USB key)
  • Change the paths to your scenario. The sample uses C:\TxF, C:\TxF\Service and C:\TxF\Client and a secondary resource manager. Create these directories before running the sample.

Download: Sample code

This sample is provided without any warranty. It's a sample, so don't use it in production environments.

Monday, July 23, 2007 9:54:13 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

 WS-Management: Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 

I dived into WS-Management support in Vista / Longhorn Server Windows Server 2008 this weekend. There are a couple of caveats if you want to enable remote WS-Management based access to these machines. Support for remote management is also built into Windows Server 2003 R2.

WS-Management specification allows remote access to any resource that implements the specification. Everything accessed in a WS-Management world is a resource, which is identifiable by a URI. The spec uses WS-Eventing, WS-Enumeration, WS-Transfer and SOAP 1.2 via HTTP.

Since remote management implementation in Windows acknowledges all the work done in the WMI space, you can simply issue commands in terms of URIs that incorporate WMI namespaces.

For example, the WMI class or action (method) is identified by a URI, just as any other WS-Management based resource. You can construct access to any WMI class / action using the following semantics:

  • http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi denotes a default WMI namespace accessible via WS-Management
  • http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/default denotes access to root/default namespace

Since the majority of WMI classes are in root/cimv2 namespace, you should use the following URI to access those:

http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2

OK, back to WS-Management and its implementation in Vista / Windows Server 2008.

First, Windows Server 2008 has the Windows Remote Management service started up by default. Vista doesn't. So start it up, if you're on a Vista box.

Second, depending on your network configuration, if you're in a workgroup environment (not joined to a domain) you should tell your client to trust the server side.

Trusting the server side involves executing a command on a client. Remote management tools included in Windows Server 2008 / Windows Vista are capable of configuring the local machine and issuing commands to remote machine. There are basically two tools which allow you to setup the infrastructure and issue remote commands to the destination. They are:

  • winrm.cmd (uses winrm.vbs), defines configuration of local machine
  • winrs.exe (winrscmd.dll and friends), Windows Remote Shell client, issues commands to a remote machine

As said, WS-Management support is enabled by default in Windows Server 2008. This means that the appropriate service is running, but one should still define basic configuration on it. Nothing is enabled by default; you have to opt-in.

Since Microsoft is progressing to a more admin friendly environment, this is done by issuing the following command (server command):

winrm quickconfig (or winrm qc)

This enables the obvious:

  • Starts the Windows Remote Management service (if not stared; in Windows Vista case)
  • Enables autostart on the Windows Remote Management service
  • Starts up a listener for all machine's IP addresses
  • Configures appropriate firewall exceptions

You should get the following output:

[c:\windows\system32]winrm quickconfig

WinRM is not set up to allow remote access to this machine for management.
The following changes must be made:

Create a WinRM listener on HTTP://* to accept WS-Man requests to any IP on this machine.
Enable the WinRM firewall exception.

Make these changes [y/n]? y

WinRM has been updated for remote management.
Created a WinRM listener on HTTP://* to accept WS-Man requests to any IP on this machine.
WinRM firewall exception enabled.

There are options in winrm.cmd to fine tune anything, including the listening ports and / or SSL (HTTPS) support. In a trusted environment you probably don't want to issue commands using HTTP based mechanism, since you are located behind the trust boundary and have complete control over available (allowed) TCP ports.

You can now issue remote management commands against the configured server, but only if the communication is trusted. So in case you are in a workgroup environment (client and server in a workgroup), this should get you started (client command):

winrm set winrm/config/client @{TrustedHosts="<server ip or hostname>"}

You can specify multiple trusted servers using a comma:

winrm set winrm/config/client @{TrustedHosts="10.10.10.108, 10.10.10.109"}

This trusts the server(s) no matter what. Even over HTTP only.

Enumerating the configured listeners - remember, listener is located on the destination side - is done via:

winrm enumerate winrm/config/listener

OK, now we're able to issue commands to the remote side using WS-Management infrastructure. You can, for example, try this (client command):

winrs -r:http://<server ip> -u:<username> -p:<password> <shell command>, ie.
winrs -r:http://10.10.10.108 -u:administrator -p:p$38E0jjW! dir -s

or

winrs -r:http://10.10.10.108 -u:administrator -p:p$38E0jjW! hostname

You can even explose HTTP based approach through your firewall if you're crazy enough. But using HTTPS would be the smart way out. What you need is a valid certificate with server authentication capability and a matching CN. Self-signed certs won't work.

Simple and effective.

Categories:  Web Services | Windows Vista
Sunday, July 22, 2007 7:48:22 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

 Managed TxF: Support in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 

If you happen to be on a Windows Vista or Windows Server 2008 box, there is some goodness going your way.

There is a basic managed TxF (Transactional NTFS) wrapper available (unveiled by Jason Olson).

What this thing gives you is this:

try
{
   using (TransactionScope tsFiles = new TransactionScope
     
TransactionScopeOption.RequiresNew))
   {
      WriteFile("TxFile1.txt");
      throw new FileNotFoundException();
      WriteFile("TxFile2.txt");
      tsFiles.Complete();
   }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
   Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
}

WriteFile method that does, well, file writing, is here:

using (TransactionScope tsFile = new TransactionScope
      (TransactionScopeOption.Required))
{
   Console.WriteLine("Creating transacted file '{0}'.", filename);

   using (StreamWriter tFile = new StreamWriter(TransactedFile.Open(filename, 
          FileMode.Create,
          FileAccess.Write,
         
FileShare.None)))
   {
      tFile.Write(String.Format("Random data. My filename is '{0}'.",
          filename));
   }

   tsFile.Complete();
   Console.WriteLine("File '{0}' written.", filename);
}

So we have a nested TransactionScope with a curious type - TransactedFile. Mind you, there is support for TransactedDirectory built in.

What's happening underneath is awesome. The wrapper talks to unmanaged implementation of TxF, which is built in on every Vista / Longhorn Server box.

What you get is transactional file system support with System.Transactions. And it's going to go far beyond that.

I wrote some sample code, go get it. Oh, BTW, remove the exception line to see the real benefit.

Download: Sample code

This sample is provided without any warranty. It's a sample, so don't use it in production environments.

Categories:  Transactions | Windows Vista
Friday, July 20, 2007 3:59:16 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

 Problem: Adding custom properties to document text in Word 2007 

There is some serious pain going on when you need to add a simple custom document property into multiple Word 2007 text areas.

Say you have a version property that you would need to update using the document property mechanics. And say you use it in four different locations inside your document.

  • There is no ribbon command for it. There was a menu option in Word 2003 days.
  • There is no simple way of adding to The Ribbon. You have to customize the Quick Access Toolbar and stick with ugly, limited use icons forever or so.
    • You need to choose All commands in Customize Quick Access Toolbar to find Insert Field option.
  • This is not the only limiting option for a power user. The number of simplifications for the casual user is equal to the number of limitations for the power user. And yes, I know, casual users win the number battle.

So:

  1. Right click The Ribbon and select Customize Quick Access Toolbar
  2. Select All Commands and Insert Field
  3. Add it to Custom Quick Access Toolbar
  4. Click the new icon
  5. In Field names select DocProperty
  6. Select your value, in this example Version

Yes. Ease of use.

Please, give me an option to get my menus and keyboard shortcuts back.

Pretty please.

 

Categories:  Microsoft | Personal | Work
Monday, July 09, 2007 9:44:50 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

 Apple iPhone Hacking 

There's some serious iPhone hacking going on during the last week or so.

Here's the wiki page, that has lots of information on the project. Main devs, working on the unlock problem are from US and Hungary as it seems.

The forum is here. Deliverables here.

The progress is steady. There is a now a way to issue commands to the system, including moving of files, activation (which was achieved in three days) and directory listing inside the sandboxed filesystem.

I'm following the progress (with Hana - she's cheering along), because it's fun to know the internals of a locked down Apple device.

Categories:  Apple
Sunday, July 08, 2007 2:20:10 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

 Out the Door: WS-ReliableMessaging 1.1 

WS-RM 1.1 is finished. GoodTimestm.

OASIS published two specs:

WCF, as it turns out, will have support for WS-RM 1.1 implementation in Orcas. On this note, there is a new CTP out this week.

Categories:  .NET 3.5 - WCF | Microsoft | Web Services
Tuesday, July 03, 2007 3:58:29 PM (Central Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments

 

Copyright © 2003-2014 , Matevž Gačnik
Recent Posts
RD / MVP
Feeds
RSS: Atom:
Archives
Categories
Blogroll
Legal

The opinions expressed herein are my own personal opinions and do not represent my company's view in any way.

My views often change.

This blog is just a collection of bytes.

Copyright © 2003-2014
Matevž Gačnik

Send mail to the author(s) E-mail